16th AIAI 2020, 5 -7 June 2020, Greece

Boosted Ensemble Learning for Anomaly Detection in 5G RAN

Tobias Sundqvist, Monowar H. Bhuyan, Johan Forsman, Erik Elmroth


  The emerging 5G networks promises more throughput, faster, and more reliable services, but as the network complexity and dynamics increases, it becomes more difficult to troubleshoot the systems. Vendors are spending a lot of time and effort on early anomaly detection in their development cycle and majority of the time is spent on manually analyzing system logs. While main research in anomaly detection uses performance metrics, anomaly detection using functional behaviour is still lacking in depth analysis. In this paper we show how a boosted ensemble of Long Short Term Memory classifiers can detect anomalies in the 5G Radio Access Network system logs. Acquiring system logs from a live 5G network is difficult due to confidentiality issues, live network disturbance, and problems to repeat scenarios. Therefore, we perform our evaluation on logs from a 5G test bed that simulate realistic traffic in a city. Our ensemble learns the functional behaviour of an application by training on logs from normal execution time. It can then detect deviations from normal behaviour and also be retrained on false positive cases found during validation. Anomaly detection in RAN shows that our ensemble called BoostLog, outperforms a single LSTM classifier and further testing on HDFS logs confirms that BoostLog also can be used in other domains. Instead of using domain experts to manually analyse system logs, BoostLog can be used by less experienced trouble shooters to automatically detect anomalies faster and more reliable.  

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